It can be very difficult to keep up with the different types of coffee drinks.
Every day, baristas around the world brew coffee drinks that push the boundaries of creativity and challenge the palate.
There’s pumpkin and spice latte, peppermint mocha, baked apple pie and cinnamon coffee, and the list goes on.
Of course, they are innovative. But nothing beats a good classic coffee.
And in this list, I give you the 25 most popular.
Espresso is the basis for almost all types of coffee drinks. You can add milk, cream or any other ingredient in varying proportions to make a fantastic espresso based coffee drink.
Espresso is a type of coffee made from high pressure brewing. High pressure steam bathes the coffee grounds to extract all the flavors, resulting in highly concentrated coffee. A shot of espresso is about one ounce.
Also read: What is espresso?
Cappuccinos are a favorite of many because of the extra aromas baristas put on top. Making a cappuccino requires about two shots of espresso, then topped with 2 ounces of steamed milk. The top consists of 2 ounces of milk froth. You can also have a pinch of cinnamon or even powdered chocolate.
Related: What Is Cappuccino?
This type of coffee is nothing more than diluted espresso. The usual dilution is 3: 1. You mix 3 ounces of hot water for every ounce of espresso. This is perfect for people who don’t like the very strong flavor and acidity of an espresso coffee. You can also make it a bit stronger by using less water.
Related: What is an Americano coffee?
The term “latte” says it all. This coffee drink contains a higher proportion of milk than coffee. Latte is a combination of one ounce of espresso and 8 to 10 ounces of heated or steamed milk. Lattes are great for milk lovers who want a hint of coffee in their drinks. You can also add aromas.
Related: What is a Latte? Origin, recipe and benefits
It’s almost the same as espresso. It goes through the same brewing process, using the same water temperature, the same amount of ground coffee, and the same steam pressure. The only difference is in the draw of the ristretto. Instead of getting an ounce per hit, you get less than that. Ristretto has a higher coffee concentration than espresso.
An ounce of espresso is often not enough for some people. If you’re that kind of coffee drinker, you need a doppio. It is a type of coffee drink that equates to two shots or two ounces of espresso. It’s strong and high in caffeine, perfect for a good start to the day.
The long black is almost similar to an Americano. The difference is that you will need two ounces of espresso instead of one. The amount of hot water is also only two ounces, compared to three ounces in an Americano. The long black is stronger than an Americano and bulkier than a doppio.
Some people like to call macchiato after the “ stained ” espresso. Why not? Making this coffee drink is as easy as taking an ounce of espresso and then adding about a teaspoon or two of steamed milk. You should know that the term “macchiato” is “stained” or “spotted” in Italian. You get a milk-stained espresso.
Beginners may be confused about a white dish and a cappuccino. It’s because they look alike. The difference lies in the composition of the drink. A white dish will always have more steamed milk than a cappuccino. It doesn’t have any milk froth either. Technically, you get one-third of espresso and two-thirds of steamed milk.
The breve is a flat white with a twist. The base is always an ounce of espresso. Instead of using steamed milk, caffe breve uses three ounces of half and half steamed. The drink also has a filling of milk foam that is one centimeter thick. Some breves come with two ounces each of frothed milk and steamed half and half for each espresso.
This is a slightly smaller version of the cappuccino. Instead of an espresso base, the piccolo latte uses a ristretto. It also requires less steamed milk, only about two ounces of it. A cappuccino can use up to 10 ounces of milk. The drink can also have a top layer of thin milk froth.
If macchiato is milk-stained espresso, latte macchiato is the exact opposite. It is an espresso stained latte. Baristas often serve latte macchiatos in a tall glass half-filled with steamed whole milk. Add an ounce of espresso and a thin layer of milk froth to finish the drink. Latte macchiato is creamy and sweeter than macchiato.
This coffee drink has a good balance between the creamy and sweetness of steamed milk and the bitterness and acidity of espresso. You have equal amounts of espresso and milk. If you miss the frothy texture of the cappuccino, a barista can add a layer of milk froth which will help improve the texture of the cortado.
Think of the Gibraltar as a milk frothed version of the cortado. It consists of two ounces of espresso and enough milk froth to fill the special “Gibraltar” 4.5 ounce glass. The only problem with this coffee drink is that it can cool very quickly. You must consume Gibraltar when served.
Most coffee drinkers call this drink mochaccino. It is similar to a latte, except there is the addition of chocolate powder or flavoring and sweeteners. Some baristas use chocolate syrup, while others contain milk or dark chocolate. The usual proportion is equal parts espresso, steamed milk and chocolate flavor. It is rich and very decadent.
If you think espresso is very strong coffee, the red eyes are stronger. This equates to one ounce of espresso plus 6 ounces of brewed coffee from a drip machine. This is ideal for people who want more caffeine in their drinks. It’s like an Americano, except it uses drip coffee, not hot water.
The black eye is even stronger than the red eye. It has the same basic composition with a double espresso. You always dilute the espresso with 6 ounces of coffee from the drip machine. However, the doppio component gives this drink enough potency to keep you bloated all day.
If you want a truly creamy coffee drink, Vienna is for you. This is an espresso-based drink that uses whipped cream instead of steamed milk. Add two ounces of whipped cream to one ounce of espresso if you want your drink to be creamy. If you want more coffee flavor, use a doppio.
Most people think Vienna and mochaccino are very decadent coffee drinks. They obviously haven’t tried affogato yet. This drink contains a scoop of ice cream instead of milk froth and steamed milk. Most affogatos use vanilla ice cream, poured into a glass or two of espresso.
Coffee with milk
It’s not latte. First of all, the coffee comes from a French press. Second, it uses scalded milk and not steamed milk. The ratio of French press coffee to scalded milk is always 1: 1. It tastes different. Nevertheless, it remains delicious and rich.
It’s a favorite summer drink. It consists of 2 ounces of drip-brewed espresso or coffee. A barista uses a tall 14 oz glass and adds 4 ounces of ice and 4 ounces of water or milk. Many baristas also add flavoring syrup to improve the taste of the drink.
Lungo is the exact opposite of ristretto. If the ristretto is a short version taken from espresso, the lungo is its long version taken. It is almost similar to a long black or an Americano in volume. The difference is that you remove all the water from the espresso machine.
Original Portuguese, galao is a lighter and creamier version of cappuccino. It contains twice as much milk froth as cappuccino. This makes it a great drink for people who want a more frothy texture in their coffee, while still enjoying the richness of steamed milk.
Irish is a coffee drink mixed with alcohol. Irish coffee consists of 4 parts hot coffee, 2 parts Irish whiskey, 1.5 parts sour cream and a teaspoon of brown sugar. Baristas heat coffee, whiskey and sugar without letting them boil. He pours the mixture into a tall glass then topped with cream.
This coffee drink is a favorite among Southern Californians. The drink calls for a doppio that the baristas chill immediately after brewing.
They then mix the chilled doppio with sweet cream. A distinct feature of the palate is that it uses a Moka pot instead of an espresso machine.
Also Read: 15 Most Popular Cafes In The World (And How To Make Them)